Proverbs 22:6 – Train up a child in the way he should go, even when he is old, he will not depart from it.
Let no one be slow to seek wisdom when he is young nor weary in the search when he has grown old. ~ Epicurus, Greek philosopher
Mount Olympus & The Olympians
We discussed the major Greek gods and created this craft to display the 12 Olympians who were said to have lived on Mount Olympus. My son learned the gods were all related with Zeus being the chief god. He also learned there were six male and six female deities and that Ares and Artemis were twins.
Ancient Greeks were mainly a coastal civilization who created mosaic art with stones and pieces of pottery to decorate floors inside their homes. We created this by cutting small squares of colored construction paper and pasting it to form the traced design. Greeks referred to these square-shaped tiles as tesserae.
Greek Theater Masks
We discussed the importance theater held in Greek life. My son learned how men used masks to perform/act out plays in amphitheaters. Since women were not allowed to perform, men used male character (dark skin) and female character (white skin) masks. There were three main types of plays: comedies, tragedies or satires. Most were written using gods/goddesses as characters to tell a story about life. We used a template to create the masks, which has become the symbol for theater.
Greek Laurel Leaf Wreath Headband
My son learned how Greek men wore these to reflect social positions or titles. In addition, these were given to those who achieved great success as a form of recognition. Ceremonies were held at triumphal arches so the person could be recognized by the public for their achievements. We made this by tracing a bay leaf onto green construction paper to make the cutouts and then pasted onto a black card stock sheet.
Greek/Roman Column Art
The Greeks were recognized for three architectural designs: Doric, Ionic and Corinthian columns. When the Romans conquered ancient Greece, they adopted these columns into their architectural designs but also added the Arch design they invented. To reflect how these two civilizations merged their style, my son used both mosaic and coloring techniques for this art craft.
Greek & Roman Gods
My son learned that when the Romans conquered Greece, they adopted the Greek gods into their belief system but changed their names. In this activity, my son had to match the Greek god/goddess name to its Roman counterpart to learn both versions. Greek and Roman Gods template.
My son learned the Roman numeral system and how it is still in use today: clocks, book volume and chapter numbers, recurring sporting events such as the Super Bowl, movie sequels, names of monarchs, and family name suffixes. Once he learned how to read and write the numbers, I had him label this clock. Roman Numerals Clock template.
We discussed how the planets in our solar system (except Earth) were named after Roman gods. My son learned the names and why specific gods were chosen for the planets. The name Earth is based on Germanic and Old English words meaning ground. For this activity, he had to put the planets in order from the sun. Use this link for the planets cutout sheet from Sprout online.
Constellation Names & Legends
We discussed how Greeks and Romans influenced constellations: constellation names are in Latin while many of their legends have to do with Greek gods and heroes. My son learned how every year the sun slowly moves in a circle around the sky, passing through the 12 constellations known as the zodiac. For this activity, we made a scene depicting my son in the backyard looking up at the night’s sky with a telescope and seeing four constellations, which he picked out from this chart: Leo, Pegasus, Orion and Hercules. We also studied each to better understand their legends. We made the craft using construction paper and printed clip art which we pasted to a black card stock. We used a push-pin to make holes in the card stock to create the constellations and then pasted a white sheet of paper to the back to make them show up. My son then used a white crayon to label the constellations.