Proverbs 22:6 – Train up a child in the way he should go, even when he is old, he will not depart from it.
This is the third post in a three-part series discussing authors, books, and stories.
Part 3: Stories
Vocabulary Target Words: beginning, book, character, end, events, fiction, genre, idea, illustrations, inference, middle, nonfiction, outcome, read, scene, sequence, setting, story, structure, title, words
Beginning, Middle and End ~ discuss how a story is structured into three main parts (beginning, middle and end) to follow a series of events in order. Then have them use one of the following worksheets to come up with their own story or to summarize the main parts of a story they just read.
Sequencing Events ~ similar to the story structure, sequencing helps kids understand the order of a story. You can use any of these sequencing worksheets for this type of lesson:
The Main Idea ~ explain how every story has a main idea: it’s what the story is mostly about. To find out the main idea, you can use the 5 W’s (who?, what?, where?, when? and why?) to come up with a brief description of the main idea. Read a story and afterwards, ask the child what they think the main idea was.
Story Map ~ explain how a story map helps us to organize our thoughts and ideas for a story. It can be used to create/develop our own story or to recall what we read. It should include the main story elements: theme, setting, characters, problem and solution. Explain each of the elements as some students may not recognize them easily.
Making Inferences ~ making inferences is when you use clues from a story to figure something out. Clues can come from what a character says or does in a story. You can also get clues from pictures, words, riddles or photographs. A good book for this type of lesson is What James Likes Best by Amy Schwartz. It presents four short stories where at the end, the reader is asked: What do you think James liked best? followed by a few options/clues for answers.
Predicting Outcomes ~ discuss how one can predict outcomes or endings based on part of the story. You can read a story and have the child come up with a different ending or leave off the last paragraph and let the child finish the story by predicting the outcome/ending.
Is It Fantasy or Reality? ~ define fantasy and reality. Offer synonyms such as imaginary, not real, fairy tales, fiction, real and nonfiction. Explain how stories can be based on things that could really happen (reality/fact/nonfiction) or things that could not really happen (fantasy/fiction/not real). Provide a few examples of each then ask the child to use any of these worksheets to assess their comprehension of the concepts.
Story = la historia