Home School Years

Proverbs 22:6 – Train up a child in the way he should go, even when he is old, he will not depart from it.

Animal Habitats

This is the second in a five-part series exploring animal themes:

Part 1 ~ Animal Classification

Part 2 ~ Animal Habitats

Part 3 ~ Animal Movement

Part 4 ~ Animal Sounds & Calls

Part 5 ~ Animal Groups & Family

This lesson looks at animals based on their habitat and what their five needs are.


Recommended Books:

  • The Salamander Room by Anne Mazer
  • Where Once There Was A Wood by Denise Fleming
  • Castles, Caves and Honeycombs by Linda Ashman
  • Around The World: Who’s Been Here? by Lindsay Barrett George
  • Listen To The Desert = Oye Al Desierto by Pat Mora
  • Desert Days, Desert Nights by Roxie Munro
  • Field Trips: Bug Hunting, Animal Tracking, Bird Watching, Shore Walking by Jim Arnosky

Lesson Points To Cover:

  • Animals have five basic needs: air, water, food, shelter and space.
  • Animals live in many different types of environment or habitat
  • Animals can be classified based on common habitats: arctic, coastal, swamp, river, pond, woodland, grassland, cave, desert, mountain, etc.


Animal Homes worksheet

Visit a farm or zoo to learn more about animals and their habitats. (photos from our visits to a farm and the zoo).

Read The Salamander Room and have the child draw a picture or write a brief poem about it. You can also go outdoors to explore the natural settings in the book. Encourage the child to imagine being a salamander and what it would be like to live in the woods. Go on a hunt to find the perfect spot for a salamander home in the woods and write about their experiences.

Identify animals who share a common habitat, such as desert: vulture, eagle, hawk, quail, owl, road runner, woodpecker, spider, bees, gecko, lizard, toad, snake, bat, rabbit, skunk, fox, mountain lion, etc.

Geography: identify habitat regions based on a world map (ie, African savannah, polar/arctic regions, tropical rainforests, etc) or use a topographic map to show how specific habitat regions look on a map, such as desert, mountains, coastal, etc.

Select a specific animal and discuss how many different habitats they can live in. For instance, a rabbit can live in woodlands, prairies, grasslands, meadows, deserts and city shrubs.

Select a specific animal to address their habitat needs. For instance, a lizard:

  • Food: insects
  • Water: freshwater, as available
  • Shelter: rock crevices
  • Space: hillside
  • Habitat Type: desert

What Are You Doing Here? Cut out scenes of different habitats and animals. Place an animal in a habitat not their own and ask the child what’s wrong with that picture. Then, ask the child what type of habitat should the animal be at instead to assess if they are understanding proper habitats and their animals. To expand on this lesson, you can also introduce themes such as plants and climate of those environments to offer a wider scope of what a habitat includes.

Online Game: Desert Habitat

Related Resources:


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This entry was posted on October 16, 2012 by in Science and tagged , , , .
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