Proverbs 22:6 – Train up a child in the way he should go, even when he is old, he will not depart from it.
TIME for Kids ~ Around The World: Destination Puerto Rico
The indigenous people of the island are the Taino. They called the island Borinken, “the great land of the valiant and noble Lord.” To this day, Puerto Ricans refer to their homeland as Borinquen. Spaniard Conquistadors arrived with Columbus in November 1493. At that time, Columbus renamed the island San Juan Bautista in honor of Saint John the Baptist. It wasn’t until 1508, however, that the first Spanish establishment was formalized under Juan Ponce de Leon, a lieutenant under Columbus. Ponce de Leon became Puerto Rico’s first governor under the Spanish crown; soon after colonization of the island began and the name was changed to Puerto Rico (meaning rich port). The Taino culture was forced into slavery and became all but extinct due to work conditions and European infectious diseases. The United States invaded Puerto Rico in 1898 causing the Spanish-American War, which resulted in Spain relinquishing sovereignty over the island and ceding it to the U.S. under the Treaty of Paris. Continuous immigration from Europe brought people to Puerto Rico, including African slaves. This is why Puerto Ricans have three main ancestors: Taino, Spanish and African roots.
Did You Know?: Puerto Rico is roughly the size of the state of Connecticut
A Few English Words Rooted In Taino Language:
Spanish Language: Until recently, the Spanish alphabet consisted of 29 letters – all the ones found in the English alphabet with the addition of three more: ch, ll and ñ. However, as of 2010, the ch and ll were removed, leaving only the ñ as the additional letter to the English alphabet. The ch and ll sounds continue to be used, although the letters are no longer formally recognized in the alphabet.
Some Common Spanish Words:
The coqui (koh-KEE) is a tiny tree frog that’s become the unofficial mascot/symbol of Puerto Rico. Its name comes from the co-qui sound made by the male frogs at night. The “co” sound is to establish territory over other male frogs and the “qui” sound is to attract female frogs. There were seven species of coqui in Puerto Rico, but one is extinct. Three others are currently listed as threatened status. The coqui sound is soothing to natives but it might take some getting used to for tourists. When in large groups, the coqui sound can get loud. Some might find the effect similar to the American crickets. This is a video clip showing an image of a coqui along with its famous sound.