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Proverbs 22:6 – Train up a child in the way he should go, even when he is old, he will not depart from it.

Day & Night: The Sun and The Moon

Related Posts:

The Sun

Our Solar System

Recommended Book:

What The Sun-Moon SeesWhat The Sun Sees/What The Moon Sees by Nancy Tafuri is a 2-in-1 book with one side representing the Sun and other side representing the Moon. I loved the clever way the book’s design mimics the manner in which day turns into night by flipping from the Sun side to the Moon side. Simple, single sentences accompany colorful 2-page illustrations offering the view from the perspective of the Sun or Moon, which is something new for children to consider. It’s a great book to use for a Sun/Moon lesson.

Before The Lesson: Ask the child to name one thing about the Sun or Moon to better understand their knowledge base and set the tone for the lesson. Then let them know you are going to discuss some similarities and differences between the two.

Lesson Points To Cover Between The Sun and The Moon:


  • both are big
  • both are round
  • both are bright
  • both are in the sky
  • both produce shadows


  • the Sun does not orbit; the Moon does (around the Earth)
  • the Sun produces light and heat; the Moon reflects light
  • the Sun represents Day; the Moon represents Night
  • we cannot go to the Sun because it is too hot; we have gone to the Moon (although I have not made it there myself!)

Historical Reference: Apollo 11 mission landed on the Moon on July 20, 1969. Two of the three astronauts (Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin) walked on the surface of the Moon.

Orbital Information: The Earth spins as the Moon orbits around it. It takes one day for the Earth to spin completely – this is how we have day and night. It is day for the portion of Earth facing the Sun. It is night for the portion of Earth facing away from the Sun. It takes four weeks for the Moon to orbit around the Earth. It takes one year for the Earth to orbit around the Sun. This might help them understand the concept of time in terms of a day, weeks and a year.

Mother Goose Rhyme: Bedtime


  • Math/Time Based – Have the child track the time that the Sun rises and sets for a week to show that it rises and sets at different times, although generally around the same time of day.
  • Language Based – Using index cards, make sight word cards using lesson words (sun, moon, day, night, light, heat, orbit, earth, shadow, etc) and have the child place them in alphabetical order. Another version is to have sight words as well as pictures of the words and have the child match the word with the corresponding picture to reinforce word recognition.
  • Ask the child to say or write a few things they do during the day and at night to reinforce classification.
  • I’m an astronaut! – have the child act out through imaginary play the landing and walking on the moon. Have them sit on the floor and pretend they are talking to NASA’s Houston Control Room back on Earth and when they land, prompt them to say “the eagle has landed” to reinforce retention and memory recall. Then, they can stand up and walk around the room as if they were walking on the moon. If you have a flag, you can also have them use it as if they are placing the flag on the moon, just like the astronauts did.

Coloring Pages:

Child Astronaut

Crayola Astronaut

Brain Game: What animal/bird do we associate with the Sun? (Rooster). What animal do we associate with the Moon? (Wolf)



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This entry was posted on June 4, 2012 by in Astronomy, Science and tagged , , , , .
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